Website Usability: 155 Tactics to Improve UX in 2023

This guide contains everything you need to know about website usability in 2023.

If you want to improve website usability, you’re in the right place. I’m about to share my proven tactics.

And if you’re new to web usability, I’ll show you how to solve each issue.

In fact:

You’ll find my 155 winning formulas for website usability.

You can apply them right after reading and improve conversions.

Let’s get started!

Chapter 1

Website Usability Fundamentals

Usability is often overlooked but it makes your website intuitive for users.

If your website isn’t user-friendly, it won’t perform efficiently. Especially keeping the visitors longer on your site and driving them to your conversion goals.

In this chapter, I’ll cover the basics of website usability.

You’ll learn what usability is about and how it benefits your business success.

What is Usability?

Usability plays a critical role in User Experience (UX). It measures how easy, natural, and satisfactory a product or user interface is to use. To evaluate the Usability of a product or service, you have to take several factors into account:

  • Context of the user.
  • Context of the product itself.
  • Features.
  • Effectiveness and efficiency.
  • User’s satisfaction.
  • Learning curve.

When evaluating Usability, you have to examine the utility of the product as well. It doesn’t matter if you develop a product that is easy to use but does not accomplish your users’ goals.

What is Website Usability?

When we talk about the Usability of a website or web usability, we are referring to how effectively our visitors are using the site. It includes how they are interacting with every element and how they navigate through all the pages.

Your Website needs to be efficient and deliver satisfaction to the users while they browse it without ignoring the principal goal.

Website usability is one of the most critical elements of your online business. It makes it clear for your audience to find what they’re looking for on your Website.

If your Website is easy to use, people can complete tasks without leaving it, such as conversions, purchases, or sign-ups.

If you are not converting your website visitors, something is wrong with your web usability. Once you see the issue, you should start monitoring all critical elements in your site and focus on fixing the Usability of your Website.

In the following chapters, I will guide you through Website Usability and share some of the most efficient tactics to improve web usability.

What makes a website usable?

Most good websites require users to use them intuitively. Even when it is easy for a new user to navigate where he likes and consume content.

For that, you need to understand how users will use your website. Offering possible options that users will take on your home page helps them to complete tasks quickly.

nintendo website screenshot showing an excellent navigation menu. ux friendly.
Source: Nintendo – Excellent Navigation Menu

Most importantly, good websites follow a website usability guideline. It allows you to promote user satisfaction as well.

To make a good website, there are many usability principles. That includes making sure users can access your website from any devices and the web page shows consistency.

Why is website usability important?

Website usability plays the role of your customer service.

Completing error-free tasks on your website promotes engagement. By using bold texts, users can quickly scan and consume your content.

Thus, website usability is all about providing a better user experience (UX). From your point of view, it is about customer service. Improving website usability can create a win-win situation.

Benefits of web usability

  • Offer online customer service.
  • Enhance user satisfaction.
  • Engage better.
  • Improve conversions.
  • Increase SEO rankings.
  • Upgrade UX.
  • Decrease expenses for customer support.

Thus, it is vital for online businesses to make websites easy-to-use.

Chapter 2

Website Usability Principles

Many factors compose website usability and this will improve your user-driven design.

Understanding each principle gives you a better idea of how to build a functional website.

In this chapter, I’m going to show the eight most critical principles that you cannot ignore.

To have good website usability, you need to design your website user-centered. This means understanding user intent and structure your website accordingly.

Let’s dive right into what principles improve usability.

The following are the eight most important factors.


Website accessibility means how equal it is for users to consume your web content. These ‘users’ include people with disabilities. It helps to deliver messages in any environment.

wordpress media edition form where you can add media title, caption, alt-text and description.
Image Details in Wordpress Media Manager

How you can improve:

  • Use proper font size for seniors and those who have low vision.
  • Give options for users to change your font size.
  • Add alt text on visual content when it doesn’t get loaded.
  • Avoid opening new windows if possible.


It describes how convenient it is for users to use your website. In particular, when you browse from mobile devices.

amazon website screenshot as an example of website availability and mobile friendliness.
Source: Amazon

How you can improve:

  • Speed up your loading time to prevent users from waiting for seconds.
  • Develop a responsive design to access from any device.
  • Fix broken links and redirection issues.


Clarity is how simple and clear it is for users to complete tasks on your website. It also induces familiarity to other websites.

zillow website screenshot as an example of website clarity.
Source: Zillow – Clear and easy to navigate

How you can improve:

  • Build easy navigation to decrease steps to users’ goals.
  • Design information architecture to avoid users’ confusion.
  • Avoid unnecessary animation, popups, and advertisements.
  • Use different colors for links and call-to-actions.


Learnability is about how easy it is for a new user to complete tasks during his/her first visit to your website.

airbnb website screenshot as an example of website leanability.
Source: Airbnb – Good example of an intuitive design

How you can improve:

  • Apply intuitive design and user interface.
  • Use global navigation.
  • Show users their next steps for in-cart page.
  • Place a search functionality at the top-right corner.


It indicates how comfortable it is for users to use your website. Website credibility creates trust in users’ minds.

zapier website screenshot. testimonials page showing six testimonials of happy customers.
Source: Zapier – Testimonials Page

How you can improve:

  • Display your contact details on every page.
  • Insert testimonials and social proof to build a reputation for your performance.
  • Add 5-stars reviews from local business directory sites.
  • Show real photography of your business.


Website effectiveness means how fast it is for users to achieve their tasks on your website.

twitter help center site screenshot.
Source: Twitter Help Center

How you can improve:

  • Create FAQ sections to keep users’ concerns away.
  • Show error messages and suggestions to fix when users make mistakes.
  • Make buttons and checkboxes easy to click.
  • Manage display methods for your search box.


It shows how appropriate it is for users to consume content on your website.

adidas product page example showing pink women sport shoes and recommended products.
Source: Adidas – Recommended Products

How you can improve:

  • Label your content categories and user status.
  • Personalize your messages to each customer.


Readability expresses how easy it is for users to read and understand your pieces of content.

backlinko website screenshot as an example of website readability.
Source: Backlinko – Excellent example of readability on their blog

How you can improve:

  • Add subheadings and bulleted lists for scannability.
  • Insert a proper margin between texts, lines, and paragraphs.
  • Avoid writing long sentences by splitting and shortening them.
  • Make links easy to recognize and consistent.

Now that you understand what factors can affect your website usability, it’s time to get started with my website usability guidelines.

Chapter 3

Home Page Usability Guidelines

Website usability helps you to improve your engagement rates.

First, you need to apply them on your home page, which is the face of your business. Most people determine whether to engage with you in the first impression they get from the home page.

In this chapter, I’ll cover what you can do for home page usability.

A home page is the most important page on your website.

You must help users to complete when they come to your page. It requires you to grasp user behavior and give better paths.

duolingo homepage screenshot.
Source: Duolingo – Home Page Usability

At the same time, you should tell your unique selling proposition and guide them to achieve your goals.

A home page cannot cover all your information, but it should offer links/navigation to get it.

The leading UX company, Nielsen Norman Group shares these ten homepage usability strategies:

  • Start a one-sentence tagline on each webpage.
  • Your webpage tag titles have excellent visibility in search engines.
  • Place all your corporate information in one place (About Us).
  • Emphasize the website’s starting points for users.
  • Place a search functionality.
  • Display your best or most recent content.
  • Start links with the most important keywords.
  • Show how to find the featured contents of your home page.
  • Don’t over-format your standard elements like a navigation bar.
  • Use meaningful graphics, not catching the attention.

16 Home Page Usability Tactics

  1. There is a clear value proposition on the home page.
  2. Your home page provides all the main options (with links) for use.
  3. The design of your home page encourages users to explore more of your pages.
  4. Your home page has a professional design.
  5. There is a favicon on the tab.
  6. The title of your home page has good visibility in search engines.
  7. Your website has an SEO friendly URL.
  8. Your logo is always at the top-left corner.
  9. Your logo is clickable and makes users go to your home page wherever they are.
  10. Navigation areas on the home page have no distraction.
  11. Navigation choice order is in a task-oriented manner.
  12. If you sell products, you should offer product categories on your home page.
  13. The first-view design contains meaningful graphics and clear call-to-action
  14. Your home page creates a positive first impression.
  15. The area or links of your corporate information is accessible from your home page.
  16. There is a search box at the top-right corner.

A practical way to improve your home page is to use a web analytics tool with a heatmap or recording feature — for example, Hotjar and Lucky Orange.

These functions tell you what you need to do on your home page.

Chapter 4

Design and Page Layout Usability Guidelines

Designing your website considering user intents is key to success.

If you want people to spend time and consume your content, you need to optimize page layouts.

In this chapter, I’ll share some actionable usability design strategies.

Let’s see some of web design statistics:

There are some interesting web design insights that you can not ignore.

  • Web pages that load in more than 2.5 seconds increase their bounce rate.
  • A non-responsive site is a back button magnet.
  • 38% of people will leave a website if it fails to deliver attractive content/layout.
  • 94% of visitors abandoned websites and stopped trusting those that have a degraded web design.
  • 95% of visitors agreed that a good user experience is everything that matters.

As you can see, web design affects business success. You must improve your web design and layout to create a positive impression.

Here are the most essential areas for web design usability:


Each page on your site should have the same layout design. This consistency increases your website usability and helps users to understand the content better.

google's nest product page screenshot with grid layout.
Source: Nest – Grid Design

Also, you can use a grid-based layout to ensure you have a clean and organized design.


Navigation around your website helps users to browse more.

etsy website screenshot showing the right way to place and use breadcrumbs.
Source: Etsy – Breadcrumbs

For example, you can provide users with a simple line of the breadcrumb trails. It gives users the information of where they are and options to get back to previous pages.

The user interface (UI)

UI is anything users communicate with your website. Like carousels, scrolling, buttons, accordions, and more.

lyft website screenshot as an example of great user interface.
Source: Lyft

Keep in mind that over-formatted design makes it hard to perform.

Visual design

The visual design and the chosen color scheme have a significant impact on how users feel about you and your website. For example, the consistent use of your branding colors helps users to engage better.

slack website screenshot showing custom graphics. illustration of people riding a tandem bicycle
Source: Slack – Custom Graphics

Make sure to use high levels of contrast between background colors and text. Ensure it is appropriate.


HTML helps users to consume content the way you design. Using the right tags for headings and images makes your content easy to read and understand.

pixar's cute 'page not found' page showing a sad/crying cartoon.
Source: Pixar – 404 Page

Also, it’s helpful to provide appropriate support for broken links and 404 pages. Be sure to optimize visual content for page loading speed.


Links on your website allow you to lead users to a specific page. You can use different colors or underlines to make them stand out.

24h fitness website screenshot
Source: 24h Fitness – Link Contrast

Anchor texts are useful when you link to other pages or websites.

30 Web Design and Page Layout Usability Tactics

  • Your web design creates a consistent and recognizable look and feel.
  • The layout encourages users to focus attention on what to do next.
  • Each page shares a consistent layout.
  • Standard elements like navigation and privacy policy are easy to locate.
  • On every page, your logo is clickable at the top-left corner.
  • Your logo leads to your home page.
  • The background color groups items.
  • If you use several colors, make sure they work well together.
  • Your website avoids complicated backgrounds.
  • The most critical information is in the first view.
  • Your website avoids a long scroll-down as much as possible.
  • Users can use the site without scrolling horizontally.
  • Clickable items look pressable.
  • Hypertext links are easy to identify.
  • Your website avoids blue text or underlining for non-linked elements in sites.
  • Underlining is only for hypertext links.
  • The functionality of buttons is evident from their labels and design.
  • Clickable images include alt texts.
  • Buttons and links show different once users have clicked on them.
  • The link users have clicked turns a different color.
  • Your website uses margins, especially near buttons.
  • GUI components are with appropriate use.
  • Fonts are consistent and readable.
  • Your website avoids capital letters and italic texts if possible.
  • Bold texts are for emphasizing important topic categories.
  • All graphics are standard and intuitive.
  • Graphics don’t get users confused with banner ads.
  • There’s the right balance between information density and the use of white space.
  • Labels, background colors, borders, and spacing make it easy to identify grouping items.
  • Each icon has a distinct look, but it makes good harmony.
Chapter 5

Navigation Usability Guidelines

Now that you have a rough design for your page. It’s time to identify how you navigate users to what they want to do.

To ensure users complete their tasks, following this website navigation guideline is fundamental.

In this chapter, I’ll show you how to design navigation that works.

For good web design, it is critical to understand users’ expectations for your web page. An intuitive and well-designed website helps your audience to focus on completing tasks.

Also, excellent information architecture helps users to find information faster and browse more.

pinterest search results for keyword: travel as an example of easy navigation.
Source: Pinterest

For example, if you disable the “Back” button, you’re limiting navigational options to users.

Also, a clickable list reduces users’ actions and they can quickly see the desired content for a long page.

What’s more, you can improve navigation usability from the mistakes many people make.

These are six typical navigation design errors:

  • Your navigation menu has too many options.
  • There aren’t enough options on the navigation menu.
  • Users cannot find the navigation menu.
  • You are trying to reinvent the navigation wheel.
  • There are unfamiliar icons.
  • You don’t tell users where they are.

Those common mistakes keep users away from their desired task.

It is important to understand users’ goals and needs to improve usability. Then, you should design a website that users can browse seamlessly.

Remember that a shorter web page engages more than a longer one.

31 Navigation Usability Tactics

  • The information that most users consume is easy to navigate from most pages.
  • Website structure is simple.
  • It is convenient for users to consume appropriate information and pages.
  • Your logo always locates at the top-left corner.
  • Global navigation choices are in a task-oriented manner.
  • The navigation system is broad.
  • Menu dropdowns should be vertical.
  • Your website uses local navigation if necessary to assist global navigation.
  • The standard elements of your website are available from every page.
  • Your website uses a sticky menu if needed.
  • There are no dead-ends pages to prevent users from doing extra work.
  • Your website locates navigation tabs at the top of the page.
  • Navigation items and hypertext links are jargon-free.
  • Icons make users understand the features intuitively.
  • The sitemap provides an overview of your website.
  • From every page in the footer, your sitemap is accessible.
  • Users can always see where they are on the site.
  • Your website avoids opening new windows.
  • Instructions and messages appear in the same place.
  • The site does not disable the browser’s “Back” button, and it appears on the browser toolbar.
  • Clicking the back button takes the user back to the page users were.
  • Pagination is useful to organize.
  • Links and navigation labels contain the words that users use.
  • Links are consistent and recognizable from regular texts.
  • Links look the same in the different sections.
  • The hypertext links that open new windows are different from the ones that load another page.
  • A link to both the basket and checkout is visible.
  • Product pages contain links to related products for cross-selling.
  • Users can sort and filter pages.
  • When a mouse hovers something clickable, there’s a visible change.
  • Users can navigate by arrows buttons and the enter key.

For more details of navigation, check out this interface design tips.

Chapter 6

Search Usability Guidelines

In-search allows users to find what they are looking for faster and more comfortably.

If you have many pages, search functionality is a must.

In this chapter, I’ll show you what to apply for your search box.

Search capability is another way of navigation.

Although there’s no need for a website with less than 100 pages, it is still useful. And some people prefer searching instead of navigating.

Thus, in-search plays an essential role on your website since it improves usability.

yelp search results for keyword: sushi. showing search results both in a list and in a map. great example of search usability.
Source: Yelp

Search functionality helps users to find specific content faster (than navigation). Also, they can compare several posts at a time and consume the content they like.

Besides, you have one big advantage of having search functionality.

You will know what exactly users are looking for on your website. It helps you to improve your content marketing strategies.

Here are the three most critical areas for in-search usability.

Search appearance

The appearance of your search box should be intuitively recognized. If users don’t know where to search, you are losing conversion chances. Like in most websites, you should place it at the top-left corner on every page.

bing search page screenshot.
Source: Bing

Also, the icon that can go with the box is ONLY a simple design of magnifying glass.

Search behavior

The in-search should pick up synonyms in the search query and use auto-suggest.

google's autocomplete functionality in main search page.
Source: Google

You can also show snippets and image previews on the result pages. It will give users more options to browse and reach their most relevant content.

Search results

The search results should be concise and straightforward.

You should display some details like a short description and a featured image. In case there are no results on a keyword, you can offer suggestions.

ikea search results for keyword: kids toy
Source: Ikea

Make sure to test if your results are accurate and relevant over time.

Well-designed search makes it user-friendly to complete tasks on your website.

Google is an excellent example of the best design for search usability. It is crucial to deal with typos and synonyms and show users the best results.

15 Search Usability Tactics

  • It is easy to edit and resubmit the search.
  • Search results are clear, useful and ranked by relevance.
  • The search interface contains a search box and a clickable button.
  • Your website places a search box at the top left corner on all pages.
  • Searches cover your entire website, not outside of the site.
  • The search results page makes it clear on the number of results.
  • Users can configure the number of results per page.
  • If there are no results for the search, the system offers suggestions for improving the query.
  • The search results page does not show duplicate results.
  • Your search box is long enough to see the entire search query.
  • The search field on mobile should be the entire width of the screen.
  • The search results page displays with useful information.
  • Search functionality provides automatic spell checking and gives synonym suggestions.
  • Search result pages highlight exact match keywords or synonyms on the result pages.
  • If you want to use an icon, it should be a simple magnifying-glass icon.

For more details about search usability, check out this useful design tips.

Chapter 7

Content Usability Guidelines

Content is king. The content that engages your audience matters on the web.

This guideline explains how to provide “barrier-free” content online.

You’re going to see techniques for content usability guidelines.

Readable web texts affect how users consume the content and absorb them. If you want users not to have problems reading your texts, consider web typography elements.

inc. website article about fixing mobile usability issues for better seo. showing title, image and content.
Source: Inc.

These are three critical web typography principles:


The hierarchy of text allows users to see which part is more important. It will help users to engage in reading through to the end. You can differentiate important texts from body texts using headings.


You can use colors to emphasize your target messages in the text. Color helps you to stand out some text from others.

In particular, contrast is vital. The high level of contrast makes texts easy to scan and read. Design your background color and text color so that they have good contrast for users.

Text spacing

Text spacing affects legibility. If you don’t have appropriate text spacing, users will have a hard time to read your texts. It is another way of making text stand out.

As you see, these web typography factors are crucial to design your web content. It improves readability and makes it easy for you to guide users through content.

Besides, when it comes to content on the web, most people optimize for SEO. It allows you to rank higher in search engines and drives more organic search traffic.

Now, RankBrain and many of the other algorithms focus more on users. SEO strategies have common practices as usability.

For example, when you have duplicate page titles. Search engines will take only one of the pages to rank in search engines. So you will miss a huge SEO opportunity. It gets users confused when they search, and duplicate content shows on the result pages.

Thus, the right mixture of usability and SEO improves UX and your ranking in SERPs.

21 Content Usability Tactics

  • Your website offers unique and compelling content.
  • The texts on your website are clear and concise.
  • Texts align left, not right.
  • The minimum text size is 14 px.
  • Your font reflects your brand personality.
  • Content needs to have a clear information hierarchy.
  • Texts are an inverted pyramid style.
  • The writing should be created for the 8th-grade level.
  • Texts should avoid long capital-letter words if possible.
  • Your website uses the active voice.
  • Texts avoid difficult terminology, abbreviations, and acronyms.
  • Pages use bulleted and numbered lists for readability.
  • Content is quick to scan, with ample headings and short paragraphs.
  • Your website uses maps, diagrams, graphs, flowcharts, and other visual content.
  • Each page has a descriptive and useful title.
  • Links and link titles are descriptive and predictive.
  • Headings and subheadings are short, straightforward, and descriptive.
  • Numbered lists start at “1” not at “0”.
  • Your website uses easy-to-read text colors against a background.
  • There are proper margins between texts, lines, headings, and paragraphs.
  • The content on your website is print-friendly.

If you need more information about SEO content, check out this guide to create content for SEO.

Chapter 8

Web Forms Usability Guidelines

Web forms are the place where your conversion happens.

Many people fail to optimize their forms enough for users to fill up.

In this chapter, you’re going to learn how your web forms usability works.

Web form optimization is vital to convert users into customers, leads, and subscribers.

Most websites utilize it to gain customer information, engage with users and increase sales.

For example, contact forms, registration forms, surveys, quizzes and much more. These forms help you to track online leads and provide a better user experience.

leadformly website screenshot.
Source: Leadformly

But it is difficult to encourage people to fill up online forms and submit. Nobody likes to give personal information on the web.

To make this work, you need to improve web forms usability. It will make more people submit your forms and increase conversions.

Depending on your business purpose, the format, length, and content types will vary.

There’s no “one size fits all” solution for web forms. So, it is vital to learn web form usability guidelines and apply them.

22 Web Forms Usability Tactics

  • When a form is incomplete, your website makes it easy to correct errors.
  • There is consistency between data entry and data display.
  • Users can submit forms by entering essential requirements.
  • There is a clear distinction between “required” and “optional” fields.
  • Your website states what information is required for the form.
  • Text entry fields tell the amount and the format of data that users need to enter.
  • Field labels should be outside the text field.
  • The fields on forms contain hints or examples.
  • Forms allow users to stay with a single interaction method.
  • Your website shows the steps to completion.
  • Before users submit forms, your website validates the form entry.
  • After users complete forms, your website doesn’t ask for extra information.
  • The site automatically enters formatting data such as $ and %.
  • Field label texts on forms explain what the entries are.
  • The form boxes on forms are long enough to see what users answer.
  • The form grouped questions on forms logically.
  • Each group on forms has a heading.
  • Form labels and fields align in a single vertical line for fast scanning
  • The questions are in clear, simple language.
  • Your website avoids only text entry fields by using radio buttons and checkboxes.
  • If users click the “Back” button, your website restores the information and doesn’t ask them to re-enter.
  • An error message appears when users make mistakes.

For more details of web forms usability, check out this form design best practices.

Chapter 9

Error Tolerance Usability Guidelines

It is scary:

Just one error on your website may destroy your credibility and your business.

The error could be technical terms that make people feel hard to understand you. Or it could help your page loading speed that makes people wait for more than 3 seconds.

In this chapter, you’ll learn how to prevent errors and be ready to fix problems.

Error tolerance usability detects and handles human errors on the web.

Well-designed error tolerance makes it easy for users to collect their errors.

Even though it’s hard to cut these errors, it is possible to reduce them to the least possible.

mailchimp login form showing an error when not providing your password.
Source: Mailchimp

Here are three main error tolerance ways you can apply:

1. Validation

Web page validation is vital to provide users with quality web pages.

It ensures your code is correct and prevents poor formatting and readability.

Also, this helps users to access and browse your website from multiple devices.

2. Warning

When users submit inputs or actions, your website should show error messages. It will let users understand what and why is happening on the site.

You should also display a clear warning when and where an error occurs.

3. Input correction

It includes auto-suggest and dealing with synonyms. It prevents mistakes and collects inputs. The wide range of input understanding improves usability and UX.

20 Error Tolerance Usability Tactics

  • Users can use your website intuitively.
  • Your custom 404 page shows how to find the missing page and links to a search.
  • When users complete tasks, your website provides clear feedback.
  • There is helpful and immediate feedback on users’ input or actions.
  • The FAQ or help provides step-by-step instructions to help users for task completion.
  • It is easy to get help in the right form and at the right time.
  • Confirmation pages are clear.
  • Before changing a page with new formats, it requires user confirmation.
  • It is obvious when and where an error has occurred.
  • Error messages contain clear instructions on what to do next.
  • Your site informs users when a response takes time.
  • Pages load as quickly as possible.
  • When you give instructions, pages tell users what to do rather than what to avoid doing.
  • Help is clear and direct without jargon or buzzwords.
  • No quick timeouts are requiring the user to write down information.
  • Appropriate selection methods are available as an alternative to typing.
  • There is a line space between clickable items to avoid multiple or incorrect hits.
  • Your website uses auto-suggest and prevents users from making errors.
  • The site provides more detail about error messages if required.
  • It is easy to undo and redo actions.

Keep in mind that the perception of website speed is based on load time, waiting time, and load behavior.

Use tools like Google PageSpeed Insights to ensure you have optimal loading speed.

Now I would like to hear from you!

There you have my 155 actionable tactics for website usability.

I hope you’ve found this guide useful.

Now I would like to hear from you!

Which of the web usability guidelines in this post are you going to apply?

Are you going to start checking your content readability?

Leave a comment to let me know what you think!

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